Can AI Improve Governments National Cyber Security Strategies
When we talk about cybersecurity threats, there is nothing more harmful and disturbing than the complexity of a contemporary country, where the digital has taken over all day-to-day operations. Furthermore, governments and the state’s administration held millions of citizens data and all kinds of sensible data.
Nevertheless, in many cases, their cyber-defense strategies leave much to be desired. According to an article issued by Mckinsey Global Institute, “Many countries have yet to clarify their cyber-defense strategies across all dimensions of cybersecurity or to impose a single governance structure.” As such, that need for transparency can end in a confused answer to emergencies and ineffective use of inadequate resources.
The assumption stated in Mckinsey ‘s report is that an effective national cybersecurity strategy should be centralized and adequately outlined from the top levels of the state. They go on saying: “a single organization should have overall responsibility for cybersecurity, bringing operational activity and policy together with clear governance arrangements and a single stream of funding.”
To do so, they need to examine all the possible backdoors and vulnerabilities from where their complex infrastructure can be breached. Receiving data from real-life cyber attacks would be just the start while implementing advanced technology should be held a must in further strategy development. In order to do so, applications based on Artificial Intelligence might be the right point from where to start with.
In reality, most advanced nations have started to propose AI within their departments to develop effective strategies against cyber attacks. For instance, applications are being developed to use AI in the areas of fighting crime, for monitoring and for the military, as well as in politics.
This strategy should account for many different forms of cyber attacks, as not all of them are clear. An especially alarming concern that developed in this regard in recent months has been how the elective process in both the UK and the USA were probably impacted on by manipulative use of platforms such as Facebook. It is even considered that such efforts influenced election outcomes, and there are also concerns that substantial scale fraud could happen through the use of these types of technologies, targeting other State’s areas.
If a comparably small and privately owned organization such as Cambridge Analytica could interfere in the general elections of the USA, other organizations with better-funded teams could do even more harm. Although, using private networks — like Facebook — to influence elections is just the tip of the iceberg from a national security perspective.
As we can see, the threats postured by cybersecurity problems are not trivial. Inside Big Data published in late 2018, it was stated that “there were 5.99 billion recorded malware attacks in the first half of 2018, which doubled the number in 2017 over the same period.”
Governments and organization as a whole should find ways to decrease these numbers and to guarantee that their cybersecurity strategy is strong enough to stop that number from growing.